Majority of Kenyans engage in agricultural activities as the means of their livelihood that make agricultural sector as the mainstay of the Kenya economy. Activities such as crop production and livestock rearing in which communities engages for both commercial and consumption purposes is however dictated by the climatic condition of the region and cultural practices. Communities in Kenya are therefore clustered into two groups: farmland communities (majorly practicing crop production) and pastoral communities (majorly practicing livestock rearing).The Challenges of Stock Theft in Kenya- A Case of Farmland versus Pastrolist in Kenya